James Larkin was born In Liverpool, England in January 21, 1876. He was an activist and labor organizer. He was also the founder of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union. After the Dublin lockout in 1914, Larkin moved to the United States but was later deported.
James Larkin was a staunch Marxist and continued with labor activism until 1940’s. He married his wife Elizabeth Brown in the year 1903 and the two were blessed with four sons. James Larkin died in 1947 in Dublin, Ireland.
Irish Labor Party
James Larkin together with James Connolly formed the labor party in 1912. During this period he organized a series of strikes fighting for better pay and working conditions for workers. The most notable strike happened in 1913, also referred to the Dublin Lockout. More than 100, 000 workers went on strike for over seven months and as a result, they were accorded the right to fair employment.
James Larkin in the US
After successfully organizing the Dublin lockout strike, Larkin visited America to offer lectures where he raised funds to fight the British colonialists. While there, Larkin joined the Industrial Workers Union as well as the Socialist Party of America.
The main objective of James Larkin was to see that workers were given proper working conditions and pay. In 1920 he was accused of championing communism and criminal anarchy leading to his deportation back to Ireland the same years.
Larkin’s methods of operation
James Larkin used non-violent means of resistance such as boycotting of goods and sympathetic strikes. He realized that the only way to build a well-organized and respected trade union was to through legal and non-violent means.
He rarely engaged in sideshows or bitter words exchange with those he was opposing. Instead, he engaged them in a civil way something which made him popular both in England and the United States.
When the First World War began, James Larkin organized huge anti-war demonstrations in Dublin, urging the Irish people not to take part in the war.
In general, James Larkin spent almost all his life fighting for justice and equal rights for people in his country and around the world.